Skip to main content

Table 1 Socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of high and low users upon ACT enrollment

From: Hospitalization of high and low inpatient service users before and after enrollment into Assertive Community Treatment teams: a naturalistic observational study

  Non-high users High users p value
N % N %
Socio-demographic characteristics
 Sex (male) 43 64 51 69 0.594a
 Age, mean (SD) 42 (10.8)   38 (9.7)   0.015 c
 Ethnicity      0.890b
 Norwegian 54 83 60 85  
 Other European 6 9 5 7  
 Outside Europe 5 8 6 8  
 Marital status      0.710b
 Unmarried 49 72 57 77  
 Married/cohabitant 7 10 5 7  
 Education      0.243b
 Completed primary school 36 58 40 57  
 Completed upper secondary school 23 37 21 30  
 Completed higher education 3 5 9 13  
 Employment status      0.669b
 Unemployed 56 83 62 84  
 Competitive job/study 5 7 3 4  
 Other 7 10 9 12  
 Living situation      0.034 b
 Alone 49 72 42 57  
 With family 15 22 16 22  
 Staffed housing/supported housing/institutions (hospital, prison, hospice)/homeless/unstable living situation 4 6 15 21  
Clinical Characteristics
 Diagnosis      0.659b
 Schizophrenia, schizo-affective or other psychotic disorder 53 86 62 89  
 Bipolar disorder 4 6 5 7  
 Other psychiatric disorder 5 8 3 4  
 Community treatment order (yes) 14 21 37 50 <0.001 a
 Substance abuse      0.321b
 None 32 47 27 37  
 Alcohol (AUDIT) 12 18 10 13  
 Other substances (DUDIT) 11 16 14 19  
 Alcohol and other substances (AUDIT and DUDIT) 13 19 23 31  
  Mean SD Mean SD p value
AUDIT total score 7.87 9.21 8.30 9.05 0.954d
DUDIT total score 7.54 11.37 10.58 13.01 0.141d
Psychiatric symptoms
BPRS mean total score 2.51 0.82 2.40 0.79 0.408d
BPRS positive symptoms 2.50 1.32 2.47 1.23 0.938d
BPRS negative symptoms 2.60 1.24 2.39 1.07 0.316d
BPRS agitation mania 2.25 1.16 2.07 1.02 0.369d
BPRS anxiety/depressive symptoms 2.80 0.89 2.64 1.11 0.362c
Global level of functioning (GAF) 38.6 8.7 37.4 8.6 0.412c
Level of functioning (PSF) 4.33 4.33 4.25 1.58 0.781c
Engagement and acceptance of contact with services (HEAS) 9.42 3.00 9.89 2.97 0.360c
  1. a Fischer’s exact test
  2. b Chi square
  3. c Student’s T test
  4. d Mann–Whitney U Test