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Table 3 Results for the adapted Mental Health Literacy Survey for adolescents

From: ‘teen Mental Health First Aid’: a description of the program and an initial evaluation

  John vignette Jeanie vignette
  OR (95 % CI)/B (SE)   OR (95 % CI)/B (SE)
Recognition of problem in vignette a % yes   % yes  
Baseline 85.4   52.5  
Post-test vs baseline 83.4 0.75 (0.47–1.22) 67.5 3.99 (2.33–6.82)***
Follow-up vs baseline 87.2 0.99 (0.53–1.83) 65.3 3.11 (1.78–5.43)***
Confidence in helping % ≥ quite a bit   % ≥ quite a bit  
Baseline 33.7   41.5  
Post-test vs baseline 56.6 4.41 (2.95–6.62)*** 58.9 3.70 (2.46–5.56)***
Follow-up vs baseline 51.2 3.09 (2.02–4.74)*** 50.6 1.76 (1.07–2.88)*
Number of adult sources (excluding family) selected as helpful b
  M (SD)   M (SD)  
Baseline 3.32 (1.60)   2.75 (1.75)  
Post-test vs baseline 4.05 (1.58) 0.70 (0.08)*** 3.64 (1.81) 0.85 (0.10)***
Follow-up vs baseline 3.83 (1.66) 0.48 (0.11)*** 3.62 (1.96) 0.84 (0.11)***
Stigma: weak-not-sick M (SD)   M (SD)  
Baseline 1.74 (0.66)   1.92 (0.76)  
Post-test vs baseline 1.61 (0.67) −0.12 (0.03)*** 1.73 (0.78) −0.19 (0.04)***
Follow-up vs baseline 1.66 (0.70) −0.08 (0.04) 1.73 (0.81) −0.17 (0.04)***
Stigma: Dangerous and unpredictable M (SD)   M (SD)  
Baseline 2.84 (0.70)   1.77 (0.66)  
Post-test vs baseline 2.51 (0.87) −0.34 (0.05)*** 1.75 (0.74) −0.03 (0.04)
Follow-up vs baseline 2.43 (0.84) −0.44 (0.05)*** 1.79 (0.82) 0.03 (0.06)
Stigma: would not tell anyone % ≥ disagree   % ≥ disagree  
Baseline 46.9   56.7  
Post-test vs baseline 61.2 2.49 (1.73–3.59)*** 65.2 1.72 (1.20–2.49)**
Follow-up vs baseline 54.6 1.51 (1.02–2.24)* 59.8 1.17 (0.80–1.73)
Stigma: social distance M (SD)   M (SD)  
Baseline 9.85 (2.99)   8.37 (3.01)  
Post-test vs baseline 9.19 (3.12) −0.64 (0.14)*** 8.27 (3.19) −0.08 (0.16)
Follow-up vs baseline 9.11 (3.23) −0.64 (0.17)*** 7.89 (3.12) −0.35 (0.17)*
Help-seeking intentions: talk tell ask % with this response   % with this response  
Baseline 14.12   9.72  
Post-test vs baseline 20.54 1.71 (1.13–2.59)* 19.94 2.45 (1.59–3.78)***
Follow-up vs baseline 22.54 2.24 (1.46–3.44)*** 18.72 2.27 (1.35–3.82)**
Help-seeking intentions: seek help % with this response   % with this response  
Baseline 77.06   74.01  
Post-test vs baseline 86.31 2.16 (1.33–3.52)** 81.87 1.79 (1.16–2.74)**
Follow-up vs baseline 84.84 1.90 (1.10–3.26)* 83.40 1.86 (1.07–3.22)*
Help-seeking intentions: Non help % with this response   % with this response  
Baseline 25.29   24.01  
Post-test vs baseline 13.99 0.34 (0.20–0.60)*** 16.01 0.48 (0.30–0.77)**
Follow-up vs baseline 13.11 0.29 (0.14–0.60)** 11.91 0.34 (0.17–0.68)**
  1. * p < 0.05; ** p < 0.01; *** p < 0.001
  2. aTo be considered correct, responses need to mention ‘depression’ or ‘depression and suicide’. Responses mentioning suicide alone were not included
  3. bSources of adult help included were: Counsellor, GP, Psychologist, Teacher, School Welfare, Minister/Priest