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Table 1 Examples of evidence-based interventions relating to the health care delivery platform by various delivery channels

From: Closing the treatment gap for mental, neurological and substance use disorders by strengthening existing health care platforms: strategies for delivery and integration of evidence-based interventions

Delivery channel Promotion and primary prevention Identification and case detection Treatment, care, and rehabilitation
Self-care and informal health care Adoption of a healthy lifestyle, including diet and physical activity relaxation training
Self-monitoring of high risk behaviors, such as substance abuse
Self-detection of depression and anxiety disorders Web-based psychological therapy for depression and anxiety disorders
Self-managed treatment of migraine
Self-identification and management of seizure triggers
Improving adherence to anti-epileptic treatment by intensive reminders and implementation intention interventions
Primary health care Parent skills training for internalizing and externalizing problems in child and parental mental health Screening for developmental delays in children
Screening and brief interventions for alcohol use disorders by trained primary health care staff
Community-based case finding of psychosis and severe depression
Diagnosis of depression, anxiety disorders, maternal depression, alcohol use disorders, dementia, headaches, and epilepsy
Management—pharmacological and psychosocial interventions—of depression, anxiety, psychosis, bipolar disorder, alcohol use disorders, epilepsy, dementia, and drug use based on mhGAP Intervention Guidelines
Psychological treatment for depression, anxiety, ADHD, disruptive behaviour disorders in children
Cognitive behavioral therapy-based interventions for depression and anxiety disorders in adults and mothers in perinatal period
Management of alcohol withdrawal in conjunction with motivational interviewing and motivation enhancement involving family and friends
Interventions for caregivers of patients with psychosis and dementia
Improve quality of antenatal and perinatal care to reduce risk factors associated with intellectual disability
Primary healthcare packages for underlying MNS disorders (for suicide and self-harm)
Planned follow-up and monitoring of suicide attempters
Emergency management of poisoning
Specialist health care   Diagnosis of complex childhood mental disorders
Diagnosis of severe psychosis and depression
Diagnosis of secondary causes of headache
Screening of new-born babies for modifiable risk factors for intellectual disability
Electroconvulsive therapy for severe refractory depression
Surgical interventions for refractory epilepsy
Pharmacological management of dementia (cholinesterase inhibitors and memantine)
Methadone maintenance therapy for opioid dependence, buprenorphine as opioid substitution therapy
Management of refractory psychosis using clozapine
Management of severe alcohol dependence (along with withdrawal)
Management of severe maternal depression using antidepressants
Stimulant medication for severe cases of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
Cognitive behavioral therapy based interventions and anger control training for adolescents with disruptive behavioral disorders