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Table 1 Risk-rescue rating

From: Which deliberate self-poisoning patients are most likely to make high-lethality suicide attempts?

Risk factors Rescue factors
1. Agent used 1. Location
 1. Ingestion, cutting, stabbing  3. Familiar
 2. Drowning, asphyxiation, strangulation  2. Non-familiar, non-remote
 3. Jumping, shooting  1. Remote
2. Impaired consciousness 2. Person initiating rescuea
 1. None in evidence  3. Key person
 2. Confusion, semicoma  2. Professional
 3. Coma, deep coma  1. Passerby
3. Lesions/toxicity 3. Probability of discovery by any rescuer
 1. Mild  3. High, almost certain
 2. Moderate  2. Uncertain discovery
 3. Severe  1. Accidental discovery
4. Reversibility 4. Accessibility to rescue
 1. Good, complete recovery expected  3. Asks for help
 2. Fair, recovery expected with time  2. Drops clues
 3. Poor, residuals expected, if recovery  1. Does not ask for help
5. Treatment required 5. Delay until discovery
 1. First aid, E.W. care  3. Immediate 1 h
 2. House admission, routine treatment  2. Less than 4 h
 3. Intensive care, special treatment  1. Greater than 4 h
Total risk points Total rescue points
Risk score Rescue scoreb
5. High risk (13–15 risk points) 1. Least rescuable (5–7 rescue points)
4. High moderate (11–12 risk points) 2. Low moderate (8–9 rescue points)
3. Moderate (9–10 risk points) 3. Moderate (10–11 rescue points)
2. Low moderate (7–8 risk points) 4. High moderate (12–13 rescue points)
1. Low risk (5–6 risk points) 5. Most rescuable (14–15 rescue points)
  1. Each of the ten items were scored as 1, 2 or 3 and the total risk (or rescue) score was calculated by summing the score for each item
  2. aSelf-rescue automatically yields a rescue score of 5
  3. bIf there was undue delay in obtaining treatment after discovery, the final rescue score was reduced by one point