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Table 6 Follow-up analysis of change in symptom scores of mental disorder categories/reactions between cases and non-cases at baseline and follow-up

From: The Refugee-Mental Health Assessment Package (R-MHAP); rationale, development and first-stage testing amongst West Papuan refugees

Mental disorder Baseline (T1) Follow-up (T2) Non-cases: mean differences between T1 & T2 (n = 40) Cases: mean differences between T1 & T2 (n = 61)
Total (n = 101) Non-cases (n = 40) Cases (n = 61) Subgroup diff, P Total (n = 101) Non-cases (n = 40) Cases (n = 61) Subgroup diff, P Mean difference: (T1 − T2) p-values (paired t-test) Mean difference: (T1 − T2) p-values (paired t-test)
Mean (sd) Mean (sd) Mean (sd) Mean (sd) Mean (sd) Mean (sd)
PTSD 4.56 (4.91) 2.60 (3.22) 5.85 (5.40) 0.001 3.79 (4.62) 1.75 (3.11) 5.13 (4.97) 0.001 0.85 0.208 0.72 0.351
Depression 1.68 (2.86) 0.45 (1.24) 2.49 (3.31) 0.001 2.54 (3.36) 0.98 (2.48) 3.57 (3.48) 0.001 −0.53 0.253 −1.08 0.098
GAD 1.76 (2.51) 0.53 (0.99) 2.57 (2.87) 0.001 1.36 (2.56) 0.65 (1.87) 1.82 (2.84) 0.024 −0.13 0.720 0.75 0.141
PD 2.25 (3.91) 0.23 (0.80) 3.57 (4.54) 0.001 1.89 (4.01) 1.30 (3.20) 2.28 (4.45) 0.232 −1.08 0.021 1.30 0.095
SSD 2.26 (3.48) 1.33 (2.43) 2.87 (3.92) 0.029 1.90 (2.72) 0.95 (1.38) 2.52 (3.18) 0.004 0.38 0.389 0.34 0.524
IED 1.25 (2.48) 0.43 (1.62) 1.79 (2.80) 0.006 1.41 (2.70) 0.53 (1.66) 1.98 (3.08) 0.007 −0.10 0.780 −0.20 0.677
SAD 2.44 (3.40) 1.13 (2.62) 3.30 (3.59) 0.001 2.95 (3.31) 1.95 (3.04) 3.61 (3.33) 0.013 −0.83 0.172 −0.31 0.629
PSa 57.4 (58) 50.0 (20) 62.3 (38) 0.304 47.5 (48) 37.5 (15) 54.1 (33) 0.110 12.5 0.230 8.2 0.228
PCBDa 20.8 (20) 7.5 (3) 29.5 (18) 0.011 16.8 (17) 7.5 (3) 23.0 (14) 0.057 0.0 1.00 6.5 0.398
  1. PTSD posttraumatic stress disorder, GAD generalized anxiety disorder, PD panic disorder, SSD somatic symptom disorder, IED intermittent explosive disorder, SAD separation anxiety disorder, PS psychotic symptoms (including positive and negative symptoms), PCBD persistent complex bereavement disorder (listed as “condition under study” in DSM-5).
  2. aSubgroup differences were calculated based on those who scored greater than “0”.