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Table 2 Characteristics of 449 patients discharged from emergency psychiatric care units in Japan

From: Association between length of hospital stay and implementation of discharge planning in acute psychiatric inpatients in Japan

Patient characteristic Mean (SD) or n (%)
Age at admission, year (median = 43.0) 44.9 (17.3)
Sex, male 206 (45.9)
Education level
 Junior high school 119 (26.5)
 High school 175 (39.0)
 Vocational school, college 49 (10.9)
 University 69 (15.4)
 Unidentified 37 (8.2)
Working status before the admission
 Full-time 56 (12.5)
 Part-time 47 (10.5)
 Sheltered employment 12 (2.7)
 Employment, unspecified 28 (6.2)
 Family business 54 (12.0)
 Not engaged in work 234 (52.1)
 Unidentified 18 (4.0)
Primary diagnosis, ICD-10
 Schizophrenia, schizotypal, and delusional disorders (F20–F29) 203 (45.2)
 Mood (affective) disorders (F30–F39) 115 (25.6)
 Psychoactive substance use (F10–F19) 26 (5.8)
 Organic (F00–F09) 25 (5.6)
 Neurotic, stress-related and somatic (F40–49) 24 (5.4)
 Other categories 56 (12.5)
Juridical basis of admission, compulsory 347 (77.3)
Total number of psychiatric admissions 3.1 (4.3)
Physical comorbidity 103 (22.9)
Length of stay, day 49.0 (50.9)
Social functioning at discharge (1–10) 6.6 (1.7)
Current place of residence
 Lives alone at own home 69 (15.4)
 Cohabitation with family 306 (68.2)
 Residential care facility 26 (5.8)
 Readmitted to hospital from home 20 (4.5)
 Dead shortly after discharge 2 (0.5)
 Place of residence unidentified 26 (5.8)
Follow-up outpatient service after discharge
 Followed by outpatient service of the hospital 309 (68.8)
 Followed by outpatient service of other hospital 123 (27.4)
 No follow-up with post-discharge outpatient service 7 (1.6)
 Unidentified 10 (2.2)