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Table 3 Bivariate logistic regression for factors associated with long hospital stay (≥22 days) among psychiatric admissions to Jimma University Specialized Hospital

From: Length of stay of psychiatric admissions in a general hospital in Ethiopia: a retrospective study

Characteristic Long hospital stays Unadjusted odds ratios (95% CI) P-value
  Number %   
Sex (n = 845)     0.972
 Male 271 55.1 1  
 Female 194 55.0 1.00 (0.76, 1.31)  
Age in years (n = 845)     0.552
 <20 83 50.9 1  
 20 – 29 228 54.9 1.18 (0.82, 1.69)  
 30 - 39 95 56.5 1.25 (0.81, 1.93)  
 ≥40 59 59.6 1.42 (0.86, 2.36)  
Marital status (n = 460)     0.812
 Single 133 52.8 1  
 Married 99 52.1 0.97 (0.67, 1.42)  
 Divorced 8 66.7 1.79 (0.53, 6.09)  
 Widowed 3 50.0 0.90 (0.18, 4.52)  
Place of residence (n = 843)     0.706
 Within 5 km of Jimma 159 51.8 1  
 ≥5 km outside of Jimma city 304 56.7 1.06 (0.80, 1.39)  
Discharge diagnosis (n = 838)     <0.001
 Schizophrenia‡ 148 64.1 1  
 Bipolar disorder 123 62.8 0.95 (0.64, 1.40)  
 Major Depressive disorder 84 46.4 0.49 (0.33, 0.72)  
 Brief psychotic disorder 73 48.0 0.51 (0.34, 0.78)  
 Other mental disorders§ 36 46.8 0.49 (0.29, 0.83)  
Comorbid medical illness (n = 698)     0.267
 No 326 52.6 1  
 Yes 45 57.7 1.29 (0.83, 2.00)  
Comorbid psychiatric disorder (n = 730)     0.394
 No 335 52.5 1  
 Yes 54 58.7 1.23 (0.76, 1.98)  
Khat use (n = 630)     0.163
 No 214 51.2 1  
 Yes 121 57.1 1.27 (0.91, 1.77)  
Alcohol use (n = 604)     0.329
 No 270 52.3 1  
 Yes 51 58.0 1.26 (0.80, 1.98)  
Extrapyramidal side-effects (n = 731)     0.015
 No 304 51.2 1  
 Yes 86 62.8 1.61 (1.10, 2.36)  
Patient paid for hospital services (n = 831)     0.002
 No 372 57.7 1  
 Paid half of the cost 21 38.9 0.47 (0.26, 0.83)  
 Paid all of the cost 59 44.7 0.59 (0.41, 0.87)  
  1. ‡Including schizophreniform, schizoaffective, delusional disorder, psychotic disorder not otherwise specified.
  2. §Anxiety disorders, somatoform disorders, adjustment disorder, delirium, dementia, epilepsy, developmental disorders.