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Table 1 Structure of the final guidelines

From: Providing culturally appropriate mental health first aid to an Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander adolescent: development of expert consensus guidelines

Section Topics covered
Understanding cultural influences Be aware of the impacts of culture and history
  Learn about the adolescent’s cultural beliefs and concept of mental illness
  Be aware of challenges the adolescent might be experiencing
  Think about the impact that family may have on the adolescent
  Understand what might cause the adolescent to feel shame
Making the approach Approach the adolescent in a sensitive and appropriate manner
  Know how to handle concerns about cultural or gender differences
  Ask the adolescent who they wish to involve in discussions
  If you can’t help, ensure someone else does
  Engage the adolescent before discussing personal issues
Tips for good communication Make the adolescent the focus of the interaction
  Be warm and non-judgmental
  Be honest, reliable and consistent
  Adapt your communication style
  Talk to the adolescent in a calm and confident manner
  Use clear and simple language
  Let the adolescent tell their story
  Be aware of body language
  Provide comfortable and appropriate amount of personal space
Discussing mental illness with the adolescent Let the adolescent tell you about their experiences and beliefs
  Eating disorders in Aboriginal adolescents
  Know how to share your own experience of mental illness
Discussing options and getting help Offer the adolescent options and assistance in finding a solution to their problem
  Recommend that the adolescent talk to a professional as soon as possible
  Encourage the use of other supports in the adolescent’s community
  In a crisis
Handling difficulties in the interaction  
Exercise self-care