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Table 2 Descriptive statistics and pairwise correlation matrix of psychiatric beds in mental hospitals

From: Institutionalization of deinstitutionalization: a cross-national analysis of mental health system reform

Variable Mean S.D. Min Max 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21
1. Log of all mental hospital beds 2.54 1.7 -3.51 5.44                      
2. Mental health policy 1.58 1.51 0 4 -0.04                     
3. Mental health plan 2.78 1.35 0 4 -0.10* -0.45*                    
4. Mental health law 2.48 1.47 0 4 0.42* -0.17* 0.03                   
5. Log of psychiatrists 0.01 2.12 -6.21 3.72 0.79* 0.02 -0.05 0.45*                  
6. Log of nurses 1.05 2.32 -6.91 6.81 0.76* -0.04 -0.02 0.41* 0.77*                 
7. Log of psychologists -0.32 2.4 -6.21 4.66 0.61* 0.00 0.01 0.3* 0.77* 0.63*                
8. Log of social workers -0.55 2.47 -6.91 6.17 0.62* 0.06 -0.02 0.28 0.71* 0.62* 0.80               
9. Mental-primary care 0.93 0.26 0 1 0.22* -0.12* 0.03 0.12* 0.20* 0.23* 0.16* 0.05*              
10. Community care 0.76 0.42 0 1 0.22* 0.03 -0.05 0.15* 0.24* 0.30* 0.18* 0.19 0.32*             
11. User & family assocs. 0.79 0.41 0 1 0.001 -0.08 0.16* 0.24* 0.20* 0.08 0.18* 0.10 0.11* 0.08            
12. NGO’s 0.88 0.32 0 1 0.04 -0.10* 0.06 0.07 0.04 0.13* -0.02 -0.04 0.13* 0.24* 0.24*           
13. Health info. tech. 1.12 0.47 0 2 -0.13* 0.03 -0.04 -0.1* -0.7* -0.22* -0.04 -0.04 -0.19* -0.33* -0.01 -0.03          
14. Log of MNS disorders 8.03 0.37 5.31 8.68 0.26* -0.06 -0.07 0.17* 0.33* 0.31* 0.26* 0.13* 0.13* 0.30* 0.01 -0.01 -0.31*         
15. Pharmaceutical: Health spending 23.12 10.44 6 70.5 -0.26* 0.15* 0.00 -0.21* -0.34* -0.32* -0.32* -0.32* -0.09* -018* -0.09* -0.04 0.07 -0.13*        
16. Health spending (%GDP) 6.42 2.75 0.5 21.89 0.26* -0.01 0.08 0.24* 0.34* 0.28* 0.45* 0.32* 0.12* 0.12* 0.21* 0.11* -0.13* 0.22* -0.20*       
17. World Bank income group 2.35 1.11 1 4 0.63* 0.10* -0.05 0.29* 0.77* 0.67* 0.73* 0.71* 0.18* 0.35* 0.13* 0.08 -0.19* 0.32* -0.34* 0.24*      
18. Log of disasters 1.13 0.96 0 4.56 -0.26* -0.05 -0.03 -0.03 -0.08 -0.17* -0.17* -0.13* 0.01 -0.02 0.17* 0.15* 0.07 -0.01 0.08 -0.1* -0.12*     
19. Instances of war 0.12 0.33 0 1 -0.24* -0.08 0.09 0.03 -0.11* -0.09 -0.08 0.04 -0.07 -0.05 0.14* -0.01 0.00 -0.06 -0.02 0.01 -0.03 0.30*    
20. Ethnolinguistic fractionalization 1.24 0.6 0.01 2.52 -0.33* -0.04 0.03 -0.17* -0.48* -0.29* -0.43* -0.33* -0.11* -0.12* -0.04 -0.05 0.05 -0.20* 0.06 -0.17* -0.35* 0.07 0.15*   
21. Political imprisonment 1.22 0.83 0 2 0.35* 0.06 -0.02 0.15* 0.36* 0.36* 0.46* 0.34* 0.02 0.12* 0.05 0.14* -0.06 0.14* -0.15* 0.31* 0.39* -0.29* -0.11* -0.14*  
22. Government effectiveness -0.08 0.99 -2.32 2.34 0.57* -0.01 0.07 0.31* 0.69* 0.62* 0.69* 0.66* 0.21* 0.35* 0.19* 0.17* -0.14* 0.25* -0.30* 0.30* 0.81* -0.05 0.02 -0.27* 0.40*
  1. *P < 0.05.