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Table 5 Staff ratios of various LUs in early shift

From: Structural characteristics of specialised living units for people with dementia: a cross-sectional study in German nursing homes

  LSLU I LSLU II LILU SSLU SILU Test statistic p-value
LUs with RNs, n 15 15 48 7 10   
LUs without RNs, n 0 0 0 2 5   
Residents-per-RN, median (range) 19.5 (8.2 - 52) 16.0 (7.7-28) 20.5 (7–50) 9.0 (5–15) 12.0 (5–14) H (4) = 29.42 <.0011
LUs with CNAs, n 7 2 12 3 7   
LUs without CNAs, n 8 14 36 6 8   
Residents-per-CNA, median (range) 25.0 (12–52) 18.0 (15–21) 21.5 (15–31) 9.0 (7–10) 12.0 (10–14) H (4) = 19.90 .0012
LUs with NAs 12 14 43 4 4   
LUs without NAs 3 2 5 5 11   
Residents-per-NA, median (range) 13.5 (10–26) 11.0 (8.5-31) 15.0 (5–40) 10.0 (7–13) 11.5 (5–12) H (4) = 8.59 .075
LUs with SSMs 10 8 33 7 12   
LUs without SSMs 5 8 15 2 3   
Residents-per-SSM, median (range) 25.5 (16–56) 29.0 (16–56) 26.0 (8.6-40) 11.0 (5–14) 11.5 (10–14) H (4) = 35.90 .001
  1. LSLU I-Large Segregated Living Unit not extra funded; LSLU II- Large Segregated Unit extra funded;
  2. SSLU-Small Segregated Living Unit; LILU-Large Integrated Living Unit; SILU-Small Integrated Living Unit.
  3. RN–Registered nurse; CNA–Certified-nursing-assistant; NA–nursing assistant, SSM – service staff member.
  4. 1Post-hoc analysis revealed statistically significant differences between LSLU II and LILUs (U = 212.5, z = -2.66, p = .008, r = -0.33).
  5. 2Post-hoc analysis revealed statistically significant differences between SSLU and SILU (U = 1.00, z = -2.26, p = .024, r = 0.71).