From: Structural characteristics of specialised living units for people with dementia: a cross-sectional study in German nursing homes
Description of the assessed item/calculation of the variable
Number of beds in the LU
Number of single rooms in the LU
Building specific for residents with dementia
The LU was built to host residents with dementia.
Architectural segregation from other units
The LU is located in a separate building or floor or segregated by a closed door.
The living unit is protected by exit controls.
Permission to bring own furniture
Residents are allowed to bring own furniture.
Furnishing of public rooms
▪ is solely functional
Functional furniture is provided by the institution and designed for a special use.
▪ functional and individual
Individual furniture is purchased from private people.
▪ solely individual
Accessible outdoor area
An accessible outdoor area is defined as a garden, terrace or balcony that can be entered directly from the LU. If residents can go out alone, it is designed without any barriers.
▪ residents can go out alone
▪ residents can go out with attendance
▪ no outdoor area
Preparation of meals in the LU
Meals are prepared in the kitchen of the LU.
Lunch is cooked in the kitchen of the LU.
Meal serving system
AMeal serving system for the majority of the residents
▪ Tray system
AAll meals are already prepared on a tray when they arrive on the LU.
▪ Dish system
AAll meals are portioned out by the staff individually for each resident on a plate.
▪ Buffet system
AAll meals are self-service on a buffet.
▪ Homelike table system
AAll meals are served homelike on the table.
▪ Mixed system
Different systems are used for breakfast, lunch and dinner.
Number of residents on the day of data collection/number of registered nurses (defined as nurses with a minimum education of three years)
Residents-per-certified nursing assistant
Number of residents on the day of data collection/number of certified nursing assistants (defined as nurses with a minimum education of one year)
Number of residents on the day of data collection/number of nursing assistants (defined as nurses without any education)
Residents-per-service staff member
Number of residents on the day of data collection/number of service workers
Staff assignment and qualification
▪ Constant assignment (nurses)
Nurses are working exclusively in one designated LU.
▪ Constant assignment (service staff)
Service workers are working exclusively in one designated LU.
▪ Continuous presence of a registered nurse
A registered nurse is always present during day shift in the LU.
▪ Special qualification of head nurse in psychogeriatric care
The head nurse of the LU has a special qualification in psychogeriatric care.