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Table 2 Explanatory models and types of possessing spirits

From: Unravelling the spirits’ message: a study of help-seeking steps and explanatory models among patients suffering from spirit possession in Uganda

  Explanatory model  
  Ritual neglect Neglected responsibilities Jealousy Call to become a healer Land conflict Death of dear one Spirits no clear reason TOTAL type of spirit
Type of spirit n % n % n % n % n % n % n % n %
Bachwezi (demi-gods) 20 59% - - - - 11 92% - - - - - - 31 26%
Omuzimu (ancestral spirits) 13 38% 22 73% - - 1 8% 8 67% 11 100% 3 50% 58 49%
Witchcraft a 1 3% 8 27% 14 100% - - 4 33% - - 3 50% 30 25%
TOTAL expl. model 34 29% 30 25% 14 12% 12 10% 12 10% 11 9% 6 5% 119 100%
  1. aWitchcraft, e.g. initiated by neighbour or co-wife.
  2. Note: Chi-square (12, 119) = 120.28, p < .001.