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Table 1 A comparison of social and demographic factors between South America countries

From: Mental health and psychiatric care in Bolivia: what do we know?

  BOLIVIA BRAZIL ARGENTINA CHILE ECUADOR PARAGUAY PERÚ URUGUAY
Population (Total) (2012) 10,027,254 198,656,019 41,086,927 17,464,814 15,492,264 6,687,361 29,987,800 3,395,253
Rural population (% of total population) (2012) 33 15 7 11 32 38 22 7
GDP (Current US$) (2012) 27,035,110,130 2,252,664,120,777 470,532,788,510 268,187,780,226 84,039,856,000 25,502,060,502 196,961,048,689 49,059,705,180
GINI 53,0 51.9 45.8 52.1 47.7 53.2 46.0 45.3
IDH (2013) 0,675 0.730 0.811 0.819 0.724 0.669 0.741 0.792
Population in poverty % (2011) 64,0 22.0 33.8 16.9 25.0 Rural 43.4 52.0 32.1
       Urbana 39.8   
Life expectancy at birth (years) (2011) M 64 M 70 M 72 M 76 M 73 M 70 M 72 M 73
  F 67 F 77 F 80 F 82 F 79 F 74 F 77 F 80
Incidence of tuberculosis (per 100,000 people) (2012) 131 42 26 18 62 45 101 21
Maternal mortality ratio (modeled estimate, per 100,000 live births) (2010) 190 56 77 25 110 99 67 29
Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births) (2012) 46 13 13 8 20 19 14 6
Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births) (2012) 54 14 14 9 23 22 18 7
Prevalence of HIV, total (% of population ages 15-49) (2012) 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.3 0.4 0.7
Budget allocated to mental health of the total health budget (2011) 0.2 2.35 2.0 2.14 1.2 1.0 3.0 7.0
Psychiatric beds available per 100,000 (2011) 9.6 27.2 17 9.1 12 7.8 4.0 34.9
Rates of psychiatrists per 100,000 (2011) 1.06 3.20 9.20 4.70 2.00 1.31 2.10 19.36
Rates of psychologists per 100,000 (2011) 0.46 10.19 106 12.30 1.34 28.94 1.78 3.12
Rates of nurses per 100,000 (2011) 0.34 1.69 NA 1.70 0.94 1.58 1.94 0.69
  1. Sources: NA = Not applicable.