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Table 4 Distribution in excess absence from work by psychological distress level among employed Ghanaian adults (N = 3,103)

From: Psychological distress in Ghana: associations with employment and lost productivity

  n Days with absence from worka Days with partial absence from workb Total days affectedc Percent absence from workd Excess percent absence from work FTE*
Mild/No Psychological Distress 2,463 0.6 (0.05) 1.6 (0.14) 1.4 (0.11) 5.0% Reference --
Moderate Psychological Distress 414 1.1 (0.10) 2.4 (0.32) 2.2 (0.25) 7.9% 2.9% 18
Severe Psychological Distress 226 2.1 (0.26) 3.1 (0.43) 3.6 (0.36) 12.8% 7.8% 23
Total Excess Absence from Work (FTE)        41
  1. *Individual full-time work equivalent units (FTE) correspond to excess percentage multiplied by n for each level of psychological distress.
  2. aMean days (SE) individuals completely unable to work over the past 28 days.
  3. bMean days (SE) individuals forced to work reduced amount beyond the days they were completely unable to work over the past 28 days.
  4. cMean days (SE) individuals completely unable to work and days individuals forced to work a reduced amount over the past 28 days with days of excess absence from work each accounting for a half day of work; all values are capped at 28 days.
  5. dPercentage of total days affected over the past 28 days.