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Table 2 Formalities of referral and admission, diagnosis and HoNOS-ratings

From: Treatment needs, diagnoses and use of services for acutely admitted psychiatric patients in northwest Russia and northern Norway

  Variable Norway Russia P
Previous psychiatric treatment Yes 298 (83.4%) 336 (72.4%) Pearson Chi square 14.02 p = .001
Referred from Patient him/herself 9 (2.5%) 35 (7.5%) Pearson Chi square 314.2, p= .000
GP 99 (28.0%) 5 (1.1%)
Casualty clinic 142 (40.1%) 156 (33.6%)
Psychiatric outpat. units 12 (3.4%) 220 (47.4%)
Other psychiatric services 44 (12.4%) 3 (0.7%)
Other 48 (13.6%) 45 (9.7%%)
Juridical basis for admission Voluntary admissions 214 (60.5%) 304 (66.2%) Pearson Chi square 111.02, p = .000
Compulsory observation 68 (19.2%) 0 (0%)
Compulsory admissions 68 (19.2%) 157 (33.8%)
  Other 6 (1.5%) 0 (0%)  
The patient wanted to be admitted   209 (59.4%) 332 (69.4%) Pearson Chi square 17.4 p = .000
Length of stay (days)   11.1 (14.1) 26.7 (19.0) F 93.52 p = .000
Diagnosis ICD 10 Organic 10 (2.8%) 78 (16.8%) Chi sq 40.91, p = .000
Alcohol/drugs 29 (8.2%) 217 (46.8%) Chi sq 142.09, p = .000
Affective disorders 97 (27.4%) 17 (3.7%) Chi sq 94.33, p = .000
Psychosis 120 (33.9%) 109 (23.5%) Chi sq 10.79, p = .001
Other diagnosis 98 (27.2%) 43 (9.3%) Chi sq 49.94, p=.000
HoNOS Total scores at admission 14.41 (5.87) 15.38 (5.02) F 7.82, P < .001
“Improvement” (HoNOS) Difference in vs out rating of total scores 5.50 8.20 F 39.3, p < .000
GAF Gaf F admission 36.2 (12.6) 38.9 (12.2) F 1.99, p = .003
  Gaf S admission 39.3 (12.3) 40.2 (12.7) NS
  1. Chi-square and T-tests.