Skip to main content

Table 2 Determinants of self stigma subscales among people with mental illness in Jimma University Specialized hospital, Southwest Ethiopia, 2012

From: Facility based cross-sectional study of self stigma among people with mental illness: towards patient empowerment approach

Subscale Unadjusted β (standardized) Adjusted β (standardized)
Alienation
Female 0.15** 0.11*
Ever had traditional treatment 0.20*** 0.15**
Any drug side effect 0.20*** 0.03
Education −0.16** −0.18***
Perceived signs of mental illness 0.21*** 0.14*
Perceived supernatural causes 0.16** 0.10*
Perceived psychosocial and biological causes 0.14** 0.04
Duration of start of treatment −0.11* −0.12*
Number of drug side effects 0.24*** 0.11
Stereotype endorsement
Private enterprise (reference = farmers) −0.01 −0.23**
Government employee (reference = farmers) −0.11 −0.14*
Student (reference = farmers) −0.32*** −0.18**
Others (reference = farmers) −0.28*** −0.11
Urban −0.15** 0.08
Education −0.26*** −0.16**
Perceived supernatural causes 0.19*** 0.16**
Exposure to mental illness information −0.14** −0.07
Duration of start of treatment −0.11* −0.06
Self esteem −0.15** −0.11*
Discrimination experience
Any side effect 0.20*** 0.07
Education −0.10* −0.13*
Perceived signs 0.21*** 0.13*
Perceived supernatural causes 0.18*** 0.13**
Perceived psychosocial and biological causes 0.12* −0.01
Number of drug side effects 0.24*** 0.16**
Social withdrawal
Ever had traditional treatment 0.18*** 0.14**
Any side effects 0.14** 0.07
Education −0.12* −0.11*
Perceived supernatural causes 0.16** 0.13**
Number of drug side effects 0.14** 0.06
Stigma resistance
Anxiety disorders (reference = Mood disorders) −0.04 −0.07
Psychotic disorders (reference = Mood disorders) −0.06 −0.04
Others (substance use and personality disorders) (reference = mood disorders) −0.14** −0.13**
Education −0.13** −0.10*
Perceived supernatural causes 0.15** 0.12**
Self esteem −0.42*** −0.40***
  1. *P < 0.05, **P < 0.01, ***P < 0.001.