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Table 4 Comparison of caregiver subgroups against presence of depression, less than average satisfaction with life and caregiver strain index (CSI) scores

From: Caregiver strain and symptoms of depression among principal caregivers of patients with schizophrenia and bipolar affective disorder in Sri Lanka

Caregiver subgroup Depression (n-30)vs.no depression (n-50) Less than average SWLS (n-37) vs. others (n-43) Comparison of CSI scores between subgroups
  Chi square value (df – 1) Mean difference 95% confidence interval
Male vs. female 0.48 0.55 −0.92 −3.51 to 1.67
Level of education (Primary or no education vs. others) 0.94 7.81* 1.14 −2.47 to 4.75
Presence of a chronic medical problems 0.97 0.16 −1.62 −4.18 to 0.95
Smokers vs. non smokers 0.11 0.83 1.23 −2.37 to 4.84
Alcohol users vs. non users 0.17 0.51 −1.58 −4.66 to 1.49
Patient’s illness (schizophrenia vs. bipolar affective disorder) 5.0 6.36 1.37 −2.59 to 5.33
Duration of caregiver role (above sample average vs. below sample average) 0.18 0.08 0.841 −1.84 to 3.52
Symptoms of patient (active vs. remission) 2.37 0.27 2.44 −1.83 to 6.73
Relationship to patient (family member vs. other) 0.3 1.5 −0.98 −4.47 to 2.52
Time spent with patient per week (above sample average vs. below sample average ) 9.37** 7.33** 4.6*** 6.97 to 2.24
Being in debt 2.43 4.92* 5.8*** 3.05 to 8.54
Employed vs. unemployed 0.01 0.13 0.24 −2.4 to 2.88
Having other dependents 0.01 0.25 −0.14 −2.73 to 2.44
Interruption to work 6.82* 1.37 4.25** 1.24 to 7.26
Subject to assault by patient 10.37** 3.65 4.56*** 2.1 to 7.02
Having disputes with spouse 4.06 2.01 1.26 −1.54 to 4.07
Having disputes with children 5.67* 1.42 2.42 −0.25 to 5.1
Having disputes with other relations 7.52* 4.67* 3.61** 0.88 to 6.35
Having disputes with neighbours 1.13 0.08 1.32 −4.71 to 2.06
Self admission of needing professional help 21.13*** 12.47*** 5.11*** 2.78 to 7.45
  1. * p< 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001.