Skip to main content

Table 2 Univariate association of different variables with depression episodes, Ethiopia 2003

From: The prevalence of depression and associated factors in Ethiopia: findings from the National Health Survey

Factors Respondents n Depression episodes n (%) OR (95% CI) P-value
Residence
 Rural 4179 397 (9.5) 1.4 (1.04-1.89) 0.028
 Urban 746 52 (7.0) 1  
Sex
 Male 2383 207 (8.7) 1  
 Female 2542 242 (9.5) 1.1 (0.91-1.34) 0.310
Marital status
 Never married 863 30 (3.5) 1  
 Currently married 3351 302 (9.0) 2.8 (1.88-4.03) <0.001
 Separated 88 6 (6.8) 2.0 (0.82-5.02) 0.125
 Divorced 234 34 (14.5) 4.7 (2.82-7.91) <0.001
 Widowed 389 77 (19.8) 6.8 (4.41-0.66) <0.001
Current job
 Employed 2858 277 (9.7) 1  
 Unemployed 2024 172 (8.5) 0.95 (0.71-1.15) 0.155
Income level     
 ≤ 500 birr 4514 410 (9.1) 1  
 501–999 birr 255 29 (11.4) 1.3 (0.86-1.92) 0.221
 ≥ 1000 birr 74 10 (13.5) 1.6 (0.81-3.07) 0.193
Alcohol consumption
 Life time abstainer 3049 189 (6.2) 1  
 Non heavy drinkers 1292 187 (14.5) 2.6 (2.07-3.17) <0.001
 Infrequent heavy drinkers 152 22 (14.5) 2.6 (1.59-4.12) <0.001
 Frequent heavy drinkers 418 51 (12.2) 2.1 (1.52-2.92) <0.001