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Table 1 Socio demographic characteristics of respondents by residential area, Ethiopia 2003

From: The prevalence of depression and associated factors in Ethiopia: findings from the National Health Survey

  Residence
  Urban Rural Total
  n % n % n %
Sex       
 Male 317 42.5 2066 49.4 2383 48.4
 Female 429 57.5 2113 50.6 2542 51.6
 Total 746 100.0 4179 100.0 4925 100.0
Age group       
 18-30 359 48.1 1894 45.3 2253 45.7
 31-34 175 23.5 1113 26.6 1288 26.2
 45-54 94 12.6 520 12.4 614 12.5
 54-64 57 7.6 360 8.6 417 8.5
 65-74 44 5.9 197 4.7 241 4.9
 75+ 17 2.3 95 2.3 112 2.3
 Total 746 100.0 4179 100.0 4925 100.0
Marital status       
 Never married 240 32.2 623 14.9 863 17.5
 Currently married 363 48.7 2988 71.5 3351 68.0
 Single 18 2.4 70 1.7 88 1.8
 Divorced 44 5.9 190 4.5 234 4.8
 Widowed 81 10.9 308 7.4 389 7.9
 Total 746 100.0 4179 100.0 4925 100.0
Educational status       
 Illiterate 167 23.3 2257 58.1 2424 52.6
 1-4 grade 85 11.9 598 15.4 683 14.8
 5-8 grade 132 18.4 617 15.9 749 16.3
 9-12 grade 227 31.7 352 9.1 579 12.6
 Higher 106 14.8 64 1.6 170 3.7
 Total 717 100.0 3888 100.0 4605 100.0
Current job       
 Employed 327 44.6 2531 61.0 2858 58.5
 Unemployed 406 55.4 1618 39.0 2024 41.5
 Total 733 100.0 4149 100.0 4882 100.0
Income group       
 ≤ 500 birr 590 82.9 3924 95.0 4514 93.2
 501-999 birr 85 11.9 170 4.1 255 5.3
 ≥ 1000 birr 37 5.2 37 0.9 74 1.5
 Total 712 100.0 4131 100.0 4843 100.0