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Table 3 Clinical and cognitive variables and employment status from bivariate analyses (N = 95)

From: Clinical and cognitive correlates of employment among patients with schizophrenia: a cross-sectional study in Malaysia

Variables Employed Unemployed p value
  Mean (SD)/N(%) Mean (SD)/N(%)  
Duration of illness (years) 12.40(8.73) 9.80(7.51) 0.13
PANSS scores    
   Total 78.06(15.16) 80.30(13.67) 0.45
   Positive symptoms 14.16(4.70) 14.02(4.33) 0.88
   Negative symptoms 22.60(5.48) 25.53(4.49) 0.005*
Cognitive tests scores    
   Trail A    
   Normal 36(72) 14(28)  
   Not normal 12(26.7) 33(73.3) < 0.001*
   Trail B    
   Normal 39(73.6) 14(26.4) < 0.001*
   Not normal 9(21.4) 33(78.6)  
   Digit span 8.56(2.41) 6.46(1.94) < 0.001*
   RAVLT 9.38(2.72) 7.57(2.52) 0.001*
  1. SD = standard deviation, CI = confidence interval