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Table 4 Mental health outcomes.

From: Admissions to acute adolescent psychiatric units: a prospective study of clinical severity and outcome

  Percentage with score 3 or 4 Test of differences (intake-discharge)b
HoNOSCA scales At intake At dischargea P c
   1. Disruptive, aggressive problem 24% 7% < 0.001**
   2. Overactive, attention difficulty 33% 18% 0.001**
   3. Self-injury 38% 9% < 0.001**
   4. Alcohol, drug misuse 14% 2% < 0.001**
   5. Scholastic or language skills problem 19% 19% 1.000
   6. Physical illness, disability 7% 4% 0.180
   7. Hallucinations, delusions 29% 16% 0.001**
   8. Psychosomatic problem 10% 3% 0.012*
   9. Emotional symptoms 82% 54% < 0.001**
   10. Peer relationship problem 44% 29% < 0.001**
   11. Self-care, independence problem 16% 13% 0.388
   12. Family problem 48% 37% 0.021*
   13. Poor school attendance 37% 13% < 0.001**
  Mean (SD)  
HoNOSCA total score (sum scale 1-13) 18.7 (6.3) 13.6 (7.1) < 0.001**
  1. Outcomes, as the change in mental health from intake to discharge, of the patients (N = 136) who were admitted for more than three days. The percentages of patients with score 3 (moderate problem) or score 4 (severe/very severe problem) on each HoNOSCA scale and the mean (SD) HoNOSCA total scores.
  2. a Median number of days between scores was 15 days (minimum four days and maximum 351 days).
  3. b Scale 1-13: based on the McNemar two related samples test. HoNOSCA total score: based on paired t tests: t = 9.5; d.f. = 135.
  4. c We did not correct the P values for multiple comparisons.
  5. * P < 0.05; ** P < 0.01.