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Table 1 Means (M), standard deviations (SD) and MANOVA results of the 4 different groups on the SDQ subscales

From: Parental HIV/AIDS status and death, and children's psychological wellbeing

  AIDS Orphans
(A)
Other Orphans
(B)
Children with
AIDS Parents (C)
Non-orphans with
Normal Parents (D)
Post hoc comparisons
(Bonferroni test)
Source M SD M SD M SD M SD F(3, 196) P  
Total Difficulties 20.08 4.37 17.92 4.50 16.38 5.20 14.67 5.20 11.34 0.001 A > B = C = D
Emotional Problems 6.84 1.39 6.61 2.09 6.33 1.64 5.47 2.27 5.10 0.001 A = B = C > D
Hyperactivity 3.14 2.20 2.82 1.63 2.98 2.19 2.67 2.05 0.51 0.68 ------
Conduct Problems 5.30 2.02 4.84 1.74 3.79 2.03 2.86 2.24 14.85 0.001 A = B > C > D
Peer Problems 4.80 1.76 3.65 1.79 3.27 1.71 3.67 1.59 7.34 0.001 A > B = C = D
Pro-social Behrs 8.00 1.86 8.03 1.64 7.88 1.77 8.20 1.76 0.28 .84 ---------