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Table 1 The need for hospitalization, its form and length, and the likelihood of prescribing seclusion and/or restraint.

From: Attitude of young psychiatrists toward coercive measures in psychiatry: a case vignette study in Japan

Necessity of hospitalization 9 point scale (9 = strongly agree)  
Overall (n = 183) 8.91 ± 0.3  
   Designated physician for mental health (n = 60) 8.85 ± 0.5 p = 0.28
   Non-designated physician (n = 58) 8.93 ± 0.3  
Form of admission Out of 183 respondents  
   Voluntary Hospitalization 0  
   Medical Care and Protection 77 (42.1%)  
   Ordered by Prefectural Governor 104 (56.8%)  
   No answer 2 (1.1%)  
Estimated length of hospitalization Weeks  
Overall (n = 183) 13.53 ± 6.4  
   Designated physician for mental health (n = 60) 14.07 ± 7.3 p = 0.31
   Non-designated physician (n = 58) 12.88 ± 5.0  
Likelihood of seclusion 9 point scale (9 = strongly agree)  
Overall (n = 182) 8.43 ± 1.0  
   Designated physician for mental health (n = 59) 8.51 ± 0.9 p = 0.35
   Non-designated physician (n = 58) 8.33 ± 1.2  
Likelihood of restraint 9 point scale (9 = strongly agree)  
Overall (n = 183) 5.14 ± 2.5  
   Designated physician for mental health (n = 60) 4.98 ± 2.5 p = 0.37
   Non-designated physician (n = 58) 5.40 ± 2.4  
  1. Survey results are expressed with a mean ± SD. P values were calculated with a Student's t-test between the two subgroups. No statistically significant differences were found.