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Table 1 Cases of Pasung on Samosir Island

From: Pasung: Physical restraint and confinement of the mentally ill in the community

Case Number Male/Female Age (Years) Diagnosis Duration of illness (years) Previous psychiatric treatment (Yes/No) Type of pasung Duration in pasung(years) Initiator Reason for pasung Released? (Yes/No)
1 M 56 Depression, post-schizophrenia >25 yes wooden stocks 21 Family and community History of violence; treatment not affordable yes
2 M 26 Schizophrenia 5 yes confined in a small room 5 Family Treatment not affordable; fear of violence yes
3 M 28 Schizophrenia and suspected mild mental retardation 10 yes tied with rope 10 Family Treatment not affordable; fear of violence; fear that he will get lost and come to harm yes
4 M 27 Schizophrenia 12 no chained 10 Family and community Setting fire to family house and church; history of violence; considered dangerous no
5 F 45 Schizophrenia >15 no confined in a small room 4 family Fear that she will run away and come to harm yes
6 F 55 Schizophrenia 10 yes confined in a small room 2 family-her children Treatment not affordable; fear that she will run away; fear of possibility of suicide yes
7 F 41 Schizophrenia 16 no tied with rope 16 family Treatment not affordable; fear that she will run away and come to harm; inappropriate sexual behaviour; no-one to look after her yes
8 F 32 Schizophrenia 5 yes confined in a small room 3 family Treatment not affordable; fear that she will run away and come to harm; no-one to look after her yes
9 M 27 Schizophrenia 3 yes confined in a small room 2 family History of violence; treatment not affordable; no-one to look after him yes
10 M 25 Schizophrenia 5 no confined in a small room 5 family History of violence yes
11 F 25 Schizoaffective disorder 5 no confined in a small stall in the rice-field 5 family Treatment not affordable; fear that she will run away and come to harm; wasting money; inappropriate sexual behaviour yes
12 F 56 Temporal lobe epilepsy with interictal hallucinations and personality change >20 yes tied with rope 15 family History of violence; treatment not affordable; fear that she will come to harm; no-one to look after her yes, temporary
13 F 55 Dementia of unknown aetiology with behavioural disturbance 5 yes tied with rope 5 family Treatment not affordable; fear that she will come to harm and come to harm through accident; no-one to look after her yes, temporary
14 M 26 Schizophrenia and suspected mild mental retardation 5 no wooden stocks 3 family History of violence; considered to be dangerous to others; no-one to look after him; treatment not affordable yes
15 M 35 Schizophrenia 15 yes wooden stocks 6 Family and community History of violence; considered to be dangerous to others, no-one is willing to look after him; refuses treatment no