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Table 5 Steps for community based psychosocial work

From: Collective trauma in northern Sri Lanka: a qualitative psychosocial-ecological study

Step Title Description
1 Village assessment information from GA, DS, GS, psychiatrists, counsellors, psychiatric social workers, health workers, psychosocial workers and the representatives of the organisations from that region (statistical data)
2 Selection of the villages Based on Poverty, Affected by war (death, injured, missing), Displacement, Resettlement, Socioeconomic problems, Domestic violence, Alcohol and drug abuse, Natural Disasters (e.g. Tsunami), Child abuse
3 Obtaining permission Permission will be obtained from the government authorities to work in the selected villages. E.g. Divisional Secretariat, Grama Sevaka Officers
4 Integration with people introduction to Villages about the worker, organisation and intention of the activities
5 Meeting with resources discuss with the most important resources from the village to get their whole support
6 Cross walk Looking around all the nook and corners of the village
7 Learning about the society Getting to know the language, culture, traditions, rituals and occupations with the help of the important resources who are living in that area
8 Data collection & documentation Basic Demographic data about the village
9 Social Mapping Ecosystem of society, places where collective trauma occurred, the house of the community leader, temples, CBO's, Traditional leaders
10 Identifying and analysing the problems Through Key informant interviews, Focus group interviews
11 Planning Based on the abovementioned identified problems and their priorities
12 Community meetings and creating awareness First with the key resources, then for the whole community, explain about plans, benefits, psychosocial wellbeing, prioritised problems of the community. E.g. Alcohol awareness, awareness of child abuse, domestic violence etc.
13 Selection of the Core Group (CG) A local group which is made up of teachers, university students, farmers, villagers and contains 15 – 20 people with gender balance
14 Core Group training Focused on psychosocial well being and psychosocial problems in the village level, referral and networking.
15 Working with Core Group Trainer works with CG in Social mobilization, community awareness, children group activities, Identification of psychosocial problems in the community, psychosocial interventions for individuals, families and community, facilitate women groups, following up the past cases, doing referral and network for new cases etc.
16 Psychosocial Interventions See Table 6
17 Core Group follow up After handing over the village to the Core Group, they will continue work in village. Supervision and further training in particular.
18 Referral Problems which the CG is unable to handle would be referred to mental health professionals
19 Networking Working with GO's and NGO's for socio-economic and other needs
20 Monitoring and evaluation Feedback into modify Planning stage and programme implementation. Design of new programmes.
  1. -Vijayashankar, PSW Trainer, Shantiaham