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Table 1 Dimensions of health

From: Collective trauma in northern Sri Lanka: a qualitative psychosocial-ecological study

Dimensions of Health Causes Symptoms Diagnosis Interventions
Physical Physical injury
Infections
Epidemics
Pain, fever, Somatization Physical illness, Psychosomatic, Somatoform disorders Drugs treatment, Physiotherapy, Relaxation techniques, massage
Psychological Shock
Stress
Fear-Terror
Loss Trauma
Tension, fear, sadness, learned helplessness ASR, PTSD, Anxiety, Depression, Alcohol & Drug abuse Psychological First aid, Psychotherapy, Counselling, Relaxation techniques, CBT
Family Death
Separation
Disability
Vacuum
Disharmony
Violence
Family Pathology, Scapegoating Family Therapy
Marital Therapy
Family Support
Social Unemployment, Poverty, war conflict, suicidal ideation, anomie, alienation, loss of communality Parasuicide, Suicide, Violence, collective trauma Group Therapy, Rehabilitation, community mobilization, Social Engineering
Spiritual Misfortune, bad period, spirits, angry gods, evil spells, Karma Despair, Demoralization, Loss of belief, Loss of hope Possession Logotherapy, rituals, traditional healing, Meditation, Contemplation, Mindfulness